Portion and frequency of the dog’s meals: Dogs do not eat the same number of meals when they are puppies as when they are adults. In addition, his portions vary according to his age, breed and activity.
If a puppy eats four to five times a day after weaning, the adult dog will eat only one or two meals. Serving sizes vary depending on the dog’s age, weight and activity.
How often depending on age and race?
The frequency of meals depends on the age of the dog, as well as its breed and size.
The number of meals of the puppy
A dog’s stomach reaches its final size and development at seven months of age. This is why the number of meals a puppy receives varies according to his age. From four to six weeks (at weaning) until three months of age, the daily ration is divided into four or five meals. From three to five months of age, the puppy increases to three meals a day. From six or seven months, two daily meals are sufficient. For working dogs, the most copious ration will be given before resting. In all cases, the dog always eats after his masters and in his own bowl.
Meals for adult dogs
The adult dog’s meals are given at one time. However, for large dogs, it is possible to continue with two meals a day. Splitting the ration helps limit the risk of stomach torsion. The meal is given at a fixed time, rather in the evening and once the owners have eaten. If there are two meals, the ration can be the same or be more abundant in the evening. This is especially the case for working dogs. Never feed just before or just after physical exertion. Therefore, plan the meal at least one hour before or one hour after the effort.
What portion size according to age and race?
The serving size varies according to the age of the dog, its size and its physical activity. The puppy grows a lot in a short period of time. His body develops quickly and his food must be copious and of very good quality, in order to avoid deficiencies. He can burn up to two or three times more calories than an adult dog. If your dog is fed an industrial food, the quantity of rations is indicated on the packaging. It is advisable to respect these indications according to the age and weight of your pet. This avoids waste and the risk of obesity. Do not feed your dog between meals. As a general rule, the dog’s daily ration should be 2-3% of its total weight. The dosage of Premium food is very precise; a dosing device is often supplied with the bag. If you opt for traditional food, the ration must be balanced, with doses and proportions calculated according to the dog’s weight. Portion and frequency of the dog’s meals.
How easy is it to determine the amount of kibble to feed my dog?
Not always. In order to satisfy individual appetites and metabolic needs, manufacturers display a range on their food packages indicating the amount of kibble required. If it is difficult for you to decide between the high and low values, you can ask your attending veterinarian for advice.
Dr. Elisabeth Tané, veterinarian.