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How to recognize a sick bird ?

Sick bird: it’s often difficult to detect the presence of disease in birds before the apparent symptoms indicate that the disease is well advanced. With a touch observation, it’s often possible to require action before the disease actually breaks out. Tips for detecting some common diseases.

     Summary:

             1. Major diseases and disorders affecting birds
             2. the way to recognize the symptoms of disease during a bird? a way to recognize a sick bird?

A bird disease detected too late is usually fatal. To preserve the health of your birds, it’s important to be aware of the slightest abnormal sign.

Major diseases and disorders affecting birds

Has your bird’s behaviour changed? does one notice any unusual signs? Your little companion is certainly sick!

Breathing problems

Excess moisture or fog in weather causes respiratory problems in birds. This pathology generally manifests itself by a jerky breathing.

Anemia

Anemia is usually the results of unsuitable housing, deficient or inappropriate nutrition and sometimes parasites. Mites and insects like mosquitoes and red lice also are chargeable for anemia in birds. The beak, legs and skin become pale and also the bird loses weight rapidly.

Frostbite

This condition is usually observed in parakeets and lovebirds. In winter, outdoor aviaries must be shielded from wind and drafts. Metal perches are strongly discouraged. Temperatures as low as -3°C are sufficient to cause frostbite. Frostbite is manifested by the guidelines of the legs, which become whitish and swell slightly. a bit Vaseline can help restore blood circulation and regenerate the tissues if the pain is caught in time.

Pickling

This mania consists within the bird to pluck its feathers or to tear away those of its fellow birds. If, during the moulting period, the birds pluck their feathers to facilitate the expansion of recent ones, this doesn’t constitute pecking. This bad habit, which the bird will find difficult to induce eliminate, is caused by boredom, stress, fear, overcrowding, the arrival of a brand new bird, or untimely disturbances. Picking can even be the consequence of a food deficiency (lack of vitamin in particular) or an absence of hygiene. Picking is more frequent in birds with hooked beaks and high IQ (macaws, parrots…), which get bored.

Coccidiosis

It is a bloody diarrhea amid significant weight loss and drooling at the corner of the beak. This disease is commonly the results of a scarcity of hygiene within the cage or the ingestion of spoiled food. Without treatment, the bird dies 4 to five days after the primary symptoms appear.

Colibacillosis

The bird produces greenish diarrhea. The causes are the identical as for Coccidiosis. Beware, it appears more and more antibiotic resistance to treatment.

Acariosis or scabies of the legs and beak scabies.

The bird contains a grayish crust on the beak or on the legs forming a sort of calcification. These symptoms can cause deformity and death of the bird if left untreated. The cause comes from a mite (chemidocoptes mutans) that’s found within the presence of insufficiently cleaned ground.the symptomatology can vary reckoning on whether we are coping with a parakeet or a sparrowhawk.

Psittacosis

This disease, caused by contact with contaminated birds, causes the bird to point out signs of drowsiness, trembling, severe thirst, loss of appetite, fever, loss of balance, irregular breathing and fluorescent green droppings. Transmissible to humans, Psittacosis causes all the symptoms of influenza or allergy in the midst of a powerful cough.

Intestinal problems

A sleepy bird that has diarrhea, lacks appetite and drinks plenty is an animal certainly laid low with an intestinal condition. It could are infected by parasites, by spoiled or unsuitable food.

Parasite infection

Red lice and mites are the enemies of birds. They provoke the urge to scratch themselves continuously causing feathers to fall off. Parasites are often caused by poor cage maintenance or brought in by a brand new bird.

An abnormal moult

Abnormal moulting takes on the looks of abnormal down fall outside the moulting period. it’s caused by an absence of hygiene or unsuitable food.

Egg retention

It is simply the impossibility for the bird to evacuate an egg blocked at the doorway of the cloaca. The cause is usually a calcium deficiency. you ought to not force the egg out, as this may crush it. The bird should be placed in an incubator if it’s still alive. Otherwise, it’ll be necessary to require it as soon as possible to your veterinarian so he can manage the state of shock.

Pathogenic germs

Mice and other small rodents often carry germs. If birds are kept in outdoor aviaries, mice often squat within the nest boxes (whether empty or not). The birds accept fine these tenants who unfortunately carry pathogenic germs but who don’t question the cleanliness of the cage.

Rarer and sometimes fatal diseases

Other diseases like pasteurellosis, ornithosis (mainly affecting pigeons and pigeon fanciers), plague or avian flu are mentioned. they’re caused by bacteria and are often fatal.

How to recognize the symptoms of disease in birds? a way to recognize a sick bird?

By observing your sick bird carefully, you may quickly recognize the warning signs of a bird disease.

  • Diminished stools or a change in the appearance of droppings. Their texture changes color and takes on the appearance of diarrhea. However, do not be alarmed when the diet changes, the stool then takes on a completely different texture and color.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • A change in behavior. The bird is apathetic or on the contrary agitated and nervous. It no longer sings and has lost its usual cheerfulness. However, a bird that changes its environment may experience temporary stress that can make it vulnerable. After a period of adaptation, everything generally returns to normal.
  • The appearance changes. The plumage becomes duller, the feathers are swollen or ruffled, the cloaca may be soiled and the nostrils blocked. The wings are often hanging. A female during the egg-laying season may have a ruffled plumage without cause for concern.
  • Abnormal, jerky, sometimes noisy breathing.
  • Vomiting and regurgitation.
  • Distended abdomen.
  • Eye or mouth discharge.
  • Strong craving or refusal to drink.

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