If you think that feeding your dog means giving him your table scraps with a little bit of vegetables, you’ve got it all wrong! His needs are very different from ours. Check out the four-star menus of our four-legged friends!
The dog’s needs are different depending on his size of course, but not only. His age, his physiological state (pregnant or nursing female), his lifestyle (sporting dog or slipper) and his state of health, everything counts! If you take a high-end industrial food, recommended by your veterinarian, there is nothing to add to it because it provides your dog with everything he needs. But if you absolutely want to prepare his food yourself, especially because you have time and you enjoy it, you should always add a vitamin and mineral supplement specially designed for dogs fed in the traditional way (on sale at the vet’s and in pharmacies), otherwise there may be a deficiency. Finally, whether you play the cooks or not, always serve him in a clean bowl and leave fresh water at will. It doesn’t matter if it’s made of plastic or stainless steel, red or gray: unlike cats, who attach a lot of importance to their small equipment, dogs are more interested in the contents than in the container!
Homemade” food for your dog:
The dog is a carnivore, but it doesn’t only eat meat. For a growing puppy, give up to 50% of his ration, to be mixed with 25% rice, 10% vegetables and 10% of a mixture of essential nutrients (to do this, mix one third vegetable oil, one third brewer’s yeast and one third vitamins and minerals). Count 4 meals a day until 3 months of age, then 3 meals until 6 months of age and 2 meals a day between 6 months and a year. After one year, one meal may be sufficient.
Moreover, in adult dogs, the proportion of meat drops to 35%, vegetables to 25%, cereals to 30% and nutrients to 10%.
And in case of kidney failure, which is common in older dogs, it may be necessary to reduce the meat content a little more to 20% (preferably poultry, more digestible) for 50% cereals, 20% vegetables and 10% essential nutrients.
Industrial food for your dog:
It’s by far the most reliable solution – everything is there, in the right dose – and the most practical, especially if you opt for kibbles that are easy to carry on the go and less expensive than pâtés. Once you’ve found the right range, don’t change it again. A dog never gets tired of eating the same food all the time. His stock of digestive enzymes allows him to cope, which is not the case if you add new food (you risk causing diarrhoea). In addition, he tolerates some of them really badly, such as cruciferous plants, legumes, potatoes, bread and chocolate, which are downright toxic for him.
→ Be careful if you give him treats, he will end up becoming obese, with the risk of diabetes that this entails.